Aristeides of Thebes was his contemporary: he was the first among all painters to paint the soul, and gave expression to the affections of man—I mean to what the Greeks call ἤθη—and also the emotions. His coloring is rather harsh. Among his works is a picture of a mother lying wounded to death in the sack of a city; she appears conscious that her baby is creeping towards her breast, and afraid lest, now that her milk is dried up, he should suck blood. This picture Alexander the Great carried off to his native Pella.
Pliny, Natural History, 35.98